mouse adenohypophysis

an electron microscopic study of its cell population as affected by different hormonal conditions. by Constance Alide Feltkamp

Publisher: Mondeel Offsetdrukkerij in Amsterdam

Written in English
Published: Pages: 92 Downloads: 330
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Subjects:

  • Adenohypophysis.,
  • Mice -- Cytology.
The Physical Object
Pagination92 p.
Number of Pages92
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14272782M

The infundibular process froms the bulk of the neurohypophysis is what is usually referred to as the posterior pituitary. The bulk of the neurohypophysis is composed on largely unmyelinated axons from hypothalamic neurosecretory neurons. These axons have their cell bodies in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus. Adenohypophyses definition: the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Development and differentiation of pituitary cells Article Literature Review (PDF Available) in Microscopy Research and Technique 39(2) - October with Reads. Context examples. An endocrine cell of the adenohypophysis that affects certain cells of the ovary or testis. (FACT-P Questionnaire, NCI Thesaurus) A small, irregularly stellate, acidophilic cell of the adenohypophysis, having small, sparsely distributed secretory granules and secreting adrenocorticotropic hormone and b-endorphin, which are cleaved from a large prohormone called pro.

adenohypophysitis: (ad'ĕ-nō-hī-pof'ĭ-sī'tis), Inflammatory and fibriotic reaction affecting the anterior pituitary gland, often related to pregnancy. Define adenohypophyseal. adenohypophyseal synonyms, adenohypophyseal pronunciation, adenohypophyseal translation, English dictionary definition of adenohypophyseal. n. The anterior glandular lobe of the pituitary gland that secretes many hormones, including ACTH, prolactin, and somatotropin. ad′enohypoph′yse′al. Start studying Neurohypophysis and Adenohypophysis Hormones. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Adenohypophysis definition is - the anterior glandular lobe of the pituitary gland.

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH; also adrenocorticotropin, corticotropin) is a polypeptide tropic hormone produced by and secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. It is also used as a medication and diagnostic is an important component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and is often produced in response to biological stress (along with its precursor corticotropin HGNC: Define neurohypophysis. neurohypophysis synonyms, neurohypophysis pronunciation, neurohypophysis translation, English dictionary definition of neurohypophysis. n. pl. neurohypophyses The posterior portion of the pituitary gland, having a rich supply of nerve fibers . Neurons secrete factors to control the adenohypophysis; exchange occurs at capillary level; hypothalamic factors go into the first capillary network then travel via the hypophyseal portal, being delivered through the second capillary network into the adenohypophysis. Cystatin C or cystatin 3 (formerly gamma trace, post-gamma-globulin, or neuroendocrine basic polypeptide), a protein encoded by the CST3 gene, is mainly used as a biomarker of kidney ly, it has been studied for its role in predicting new-onset or deteriorating cardiovascular also seems to play a role in brain disorders involving amyloid (a specific type of protein Aliases: CST3, ARMD11, HEL-S-2, cystatin C.

mouse adenohypophysis by Constance Alide Feltkamp Download PDF EPUB FB2

The short portal vessels arise in the lower part of the stalk and in the posterior lobe. They provide the adenohypophysis with the remaining 10–30% of the blood. The neurohypophysis receives arterial supply from the middle hypophysial (loral) arteries. Barnes BG () Electron microscope studies on the secretory cytology of the mouse anterior pituitary.

Endocrinology – PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Barnes BG () The fine structure of the mouse adenohypophysis in various physiological by:   The mouse gravid uterus does not express OT-Rs, in contrast to human and rat. It is not surprising therefore that parturition is normal in the OT null-mouse.

In contrast to rat, maternal behavior evolves gradually in mouse, and is not acquired rapidly in the post-partum by: 1. Barnes, B. G., The fine structure of the mouse adenohypophysis in various physiological states.

In: Cytologie de l’adeno-hypophyse (ed. Benoit and C. Da Lage), Centre national de la recherche scientifique, Paris, p.

91 ff. Google ScholarCited by: 1. The pituitary gland may be affected by a wide variety of systemic disorders. In some instances, the pituitary is directly involved by the same processes that also afflict other organs, while in other disorders, the primary disease process has indirect, distant effects on pituitary function.

An electron microscopy immunocytochemical study was performed to determine the expression pattern of growth hormone (GH) in mosaic mutant mice adenohy Cited by: 5. An immunohistochemical study on the mouse adenohypophysis with reference to the spatial relationship between GH cells and other types of hormone-producing cells Yuichi G.

Watanabe Pages OriginalPaper. Mouse ES cells (EB5, Rx::EGFP, SoxGFP) were maintained as described, in G-MEM supplemented with 1% fetal calf serum, 10% KSR, 2 mM glutamine, mM non-essential amino acids, 1 mM pyruvate, 0.

Inin one of the first papers dealing with the ultrastructure of the rat anterior pituitary, Rinehart and Farquhar (1) noticed the presence of peculiar stellate by: What does the Adenohypophysis do.

The upper part of the adenohypophysis, which wraps around the infundibulum, is known as the pars tuberalis. The most significant and largest part of the adenohypophysis is known as the pars distalis. The blood supply originates from the superior hypophysial arteries, and arrives at the anterior pituitary via.

The first part of the book is devoted to the adrenal gland ‘and starts with a paper by B. Sass on the embryology of the mouse adrenal gland. Subsequent papers review the normal histology in the mouse (Ch.

Frith) and accessory adrenocortical tissue in the mouse (B. Purchase Electron Microscopy - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNBook Edition: 1. BARNES BG. Ciliated secretory cells in the pars distalis of the mouse hypophysis.

J Ultrastruct Res. Oct; – Dahl HA. On the cilium cell relationship in the adenohypophysis of the mouse. Z Zellforsch Mikrosk Anat. ; 83 (2)–Cited by:   We subsequently reported efficient self-formation of three-dimensional adenohypophysis tissues in aggregate cultures of mouse ES cells.

The ES cells were stimulated to differentiate into non-neural head ectoderm and hypothalamic neuroectoderm in adjacent layers within the aggregate, followed by treatment with a Sonic Hedgehog by: 3. It consists of two glands with separate embryonic origins and functions — the neurohypophysis and the adenohypophysis.

The developing mouse pituitary gland is tiny and delicate with an elongated oval shape. A coronal section is preferred to display both the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis in a single slice of the mouse : Dongmei Cao, Xianhua Ma, Weiping J. Zhang, Zhifang Xie. The adenohypophysis is the largest component and is formed by a pars tuberalis, which covers the infundibulum of the neurohypophysis, a more voluminous pars distalis, and a pars intermedia, located between the adenohypophysis and the neurohypophysis (Fig.

The pars intermedia of the mouse is relatively large compared to that of other mammals. Watanabe YG. An immunohistochemical study on the mouse adenohypophysis with reference to the spatial relationship between GH cells and other types of hormone-producing cells. Anat Embryol (Berl) ; (3)– Watanabe YG, Daikoku S.

An immunohistochemical study on the cytogenesis of adenohypophysial cells in fetal by: 4. In the mouse adenohypophysis, Neur od1 e xpression is confined to corticotropes (Poulin et al., ; Poulin et al., ). Neurod1 has further been shown to bind to the proopiomelanocortin.

Robert Lewis Maynard, Noel Downes, in Anatomy and Histology of the Laboratory Rat in Toxicology and Biomedical Research, Neuropophysis.

The neurohypophysis has an entirely different structure to the adenohypophysis and pars intermedia. The neurohypophysis comprises a mass of unmyelinated nerve fibres that run into the gland from the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei of the hypothalamus.

Learn adenohypophysis with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of adenohypophysis flashcards on Quizlet. Histology of the Adenohypophysis. The bulk of the adenohypophysis is pars distalis. That tissue is composed of winding cords of epithelial cells flanked by vascular sinusoids.

In sections stained with dyes such as hematoxylin and eosin, three distinct cell types are seen among epithelial cells: Acidophils have cytoplasm that stains red or orange. A major organ of the endocrine system, the anterior pituitary (also called the adenohypophysis or pars anterior) is the glandular, anterior lobe that together with the posterior lobe (posterior pituitary, or the neurohypophysis) makes up the pituitary gland (hypophysis).

The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes, including stress, growth, reproduction, and sor: oral mucosa (Rathke's pouch).

Pituitary Gland - Cyst, multiple in a female F/N rat from a chronic study. Multiple cysts are present in the pars nervosa (arrows), as well as a dilated persistent Rathke s cleft (asterisks), are filled with eosinophilic proteinaceous material.

Lesions of the Pituitary Gland Associated with Head Injuries inhibition injection Jacobsohn Jost lactation lobe luteinizing luteotrophin male rats mammary mechanism median eminence metabolism mouse nervous neural normal observed oestrogen oestrous cycle ovarian ovaries ovulation Paris pars distalis Physiol physiological About Google.

Start studying Hypothalamus, Adenohypophysis and Neurohypophysis. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. adenohypophysis consists of three divisions: presnce of hypothalamic relasing / inhibiting factors presnt in the capillary blook that is delivered through the hypophyseal-portal tract secretory activity of these cells is mainly controlled theough what.

Dingemans KP. The relation between cilia and mitoses in the mouse adenohypophysis. J Cell Biol. Nov; 43 (2)– [PMC free article] Frink R, Krupp PP, Young RA. The parathyroid gland of the woodchuck (Marmota monax): a study of seasonal variations in the chief cells.

Tissue Cell. ; 10 (2)– Frink R, Krupp PP, Young by: 9. adenohypophysis [ad″ĕ-no-hi-pof´ĭ-sis] the anterior or glandular portion of the pituitary gland.

adj., adj adenohypophys´eal. Adenohypophysis. From Dorland's, adenohypophysis (ad'ĕ-nō-hī-pof'i-sis), [TA] The anterior pituitary gland; it consists of the distal, intermediate, and infundibular parts.

See also: pituitary gland. The adenohypophysis, or anterior pituitary, is the anterior lobe of a person’s pituitary gland. A person’s pituitary gland is generally located below the brain and is controlled by a portion of this organ known as the hypothalamus. The anterior pituitary secretes several different hormones that have important functions throughout the body.

Pituitary Gland - Cyst, multiple in a female F/N rat from a chronic study. Multiple cysts are present in the pars nervosa (arrows), as well as a dilated persistent Rathke’s cleft (asterisks), are filled with eosinophilic proteinaceous material.

Figure 5 Pituitary Gland - Cyst, multiple in File Size: 1MB. In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland, about the size of a pea and weighing grams ( oz) in humans. It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the hypophysis rests upon the hypophysial fossa of the sphenoid bone in the center of the middle cranial fossa and is surrounded by a small bony cavity (sella turcica Artery: superior hypophyseal artery, infundibular.

Mammalian basic helix-loop-helix proteins of the achaete-scute family are proneural factors that, in addition to the central nervous system, are required for the differentiation of peripheral neurons and sensory cells, derivatives of the neural crest and placodal ectoderm. Here, in identifying the molecular nature of the pia mutation, we investigate the role of the zebrafish achaete-scute Cited by: In situ hybridization analysis of anterior pituitary hormone gene expression during fetal mouse development September Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry 42(8)